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Biology BS

—Botany Emphasis
—Ecology Emphasis
—Environmental Biology Emphasis
—Human Biology Emphasis
—Microbiology Emphasis
—Molecular and Cell Biology Emphasis
—Second Education Emphasis
—Zoology Emphasis

Department of Biological Sciences

Biology BS 
Course Number and TitleCredits
Foundational Studies Program requirements indicated in bold
ENGL 101 Introduction to College Writing3
ENGL 102 Intro to College Writing and Research3
UF 100 Intellectual Foundations3
UF 200 Civic and Ethical Foundations3
DLM MATH 160 Survey of Calculus or
DLM MATH 170 Calculus I
(MATH 170 is recommended for students planning to enter graduate or professional school and those in the Microbiology or Molecular Cell Biology emphases.)
4
DLN BIOL 191 General Biology I4
DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab4
DLV Visual and Performing Arts3
DLL Literature and Humanities3-4
DLS Social Sciences course or
DLS ED-CIFS 201 Foundations of Education (Secondary Education Emphasis)
3
DLS Social Sciences course in a second field3
BIOL 192 General Biology II4
BIOL 301 Cell Biology3
CID BIOL 323 Ecology4
BIOL 343 Genetics Lecture3
BIOL 400 Organic Evolution3
BIOL 488 Senior Outcomes Assessment0
CHEM 112, 112L General Chemistry II with Lab4
CHEM 301-302 Survey of Organic Chemistry & Lab or
CHEM 307, 308-309, 310 Organic Chemistry I & II with Labs
(CHEM 301-302 is suitable for most biology majors. Those interested in medical, dental, pharmacy, veterinary school and students pursuing the Microbiology or Molecular and Cell Biology emphases should take CHEM 307-310. Please consult your advisor.)
5-10
Two or more of these communication courses including at least one COMM course:
COMM 101 Fundamentals of Communication
COMM 112 Reasoned Discourse
COMM 231 Public Speaking
COMM 356 Communication in the Small Group
ENGL 201 Nonfiction Writing
ENGL 202 Technical Communication
(COMM 101, COMM 112, and ENGL 202 may be counted as fulfilling all or part of DLS requirements)
6
MATH 143-144 College Algebra and Analytic Trigonometry or
MATH 147 Precalculus
5
MATH 254 Applied Statistics with Computers3
PHYS 111-112 General Physics or
PHYS 211, 211L-212, 212L Physics I & II with Calculus & Labs
8-10
In addition, complete either the following coursework to graduate with a B.S. in Biology (without an emphasis) or complete the courses listed under one of the emphases below to graduate with a B.S. in Biology with an emphasis.
Physiology (one course)
FF BIOL 415 Microbial Physiology
FF BOT 401 Plant Physiology
FF ZOOL 401 Human Physiology
FF ZOOL 409 General and Comparative Physiology
4
Morphology (one course)
BIOL 451 Developmental Biology
BOT 302 Plant Anatomy and Microtechnique
BOT 330 Mycology
BOT 441 Plant Developmental Biology
ZOOL 301 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
ZOOL 400 Vertebrate Histology
4
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, or ZOOL electives to total 42 biology credits*13
Upper-division elective to total 40 credits0-4
Electives to total 120 credits**7-11
Total120
*Workshops may not be counted towards upper-division biology credit; A maximum of 4 credits total of any combination of internship and independent study credit may be counted towards upper-division biology credit.
**Can include workshops and excess independent study and internship credits up to University limits. For students planning to pursue professional school or enter certain graduate schools, the following are recommended: Physics, Calculus, and second semester Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry. Students are urged to determine the exact requirements of schools they wish to attend and meet with an advisor to discuss appropriate preparatory course work.
All courses used toward the Biology major must have a grade of C- or better.

Botany Emphasis

Botany Emphasis
Course Number and TitleCredits
BOT 305 Systematic Botany4
FF BOT 401 Plant Physiology4
Additional upper-division botany credits8
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, or ZOOL electives to total 42 biology credits*5
Upper-division elective to total 40 credits0-1
Electives to total 120 credits**6-15
Total120
*Workshops may not be counted towards upper-division biology credit; A maximum of 4 credits total of any combination of internship and independent study credit may be counted towards upper-division biology credit.
**Can include workshops and excess independent study and internship credits up to University limits. For students planning to pursue professional school or enter certain graduate schools, the following are recommended: Physics, Calculus, and second semester Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry. Students are urged to determine the exact requirements of schools they wish to attend and meet with an advisor to discuss appropriate preparatory course work.
All courses used toward the Biology major must have a grade of C- or better.

Ecology Emphasis

Ecology Emphasis
Course Number and TitleCredits
Ecology (3 or more courses)
BIOL 409 Molecular Ecology
BIOL 415 Microbial Physiology
BIOL 422 Conservation Biology
BIOL 426 Insect Ecology
BIOL 427 Stream Ecology
BIOL 433 Behavioral Ecology
BOT 424 Plant Community Ecology
(or acceptable alternatives)
10-12
FF BOT 401 Plant Physiology or
FF ZOOL 409 General and Comparative Physiology
4
Taxonomy-intensive course
BIOL 412 General Parasitology
BOT 305 Systematic Botany
BOT 330 Mycology
ZOOL 305 Entomology
ZOOL 341 Ornithology
ZOOL 355 Vertebrate Natural History
ZOOL 421 Mammalogy
ZOOL 425 Aquatic Entomology
3-4
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, or ZOOL electives to total 42 biology credits*1-4
Upper-division elective to total 40 credits0-1
Electives to total 120 credits**7-14
Total120
*Workshops may not be counted towards upper-division biology credit; A maximum of 4 credits total of any combination of internship and independent study credit may be counted towards upper-division biology credit.
**Can include workshops and excess independent study and internship credits up to University limits. For students planning to pursue professional school or enter certain graduate schools, the following are recommended: Physics, Calculus, and second semester Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry. Students are urged to determine the exact requirements of schools they wish to attend and meet with an advisor to discuss appropriate preparatory course work.
All courses used toward the Biology major must have a grade of C- or better.

Environmental Biology Emphasis

Environmental Biology Emphasis
Course Number and TitleCredits
BIOL 422 Conservation Biology3
FF BOT 401 Plant Physiology or
FF ZOOL 409 General and Comparative Physiology
4
Ecology (two or more courses):
BIOL 409 Molecular Ecology
BIOL 415 Microbial Physiology
BIOL 426 Insect Ecology
BIOL 427 Stream Ecology
BOT 424 Plant Community Ecology
8
ENVSTD 121 Introduction to Environmental Studies3
GEOS 101 Global Environmental Science4
POLS 409 Environmental Politics3
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, or ZOOL electives to total 42 biology credits*6
One or more of the following courses for at least 4 credits:
(Students should take more of these courses if feasible; these courses may not be counted in another major or minor.)
CE 320-321 Principles of Environmental Engineering and Lab
ECON 333 Natural Resource Economics
ENVHLTH 310 Water Supply and Water Quality Management
ENVHLTH 417 Principles of Toxicology
ENVHLTH 480 Air Quality Management
GEOG 360 Introduction to Geographical Information Systems
GEOG 361 Remote Sensing
GEOS 412 Hydrogeology
GEOS 451 Principles of Soil Science
POLS 403 Introduction to Public Administration
POLS 407 American Policy Process
4
Upper-division elective to total 40 credits0
Electives to total 120 credits**0-1
Total120-127
*Workshops may not be counted towards upper-division biology credit; A maximum of 4 credits total of any combination of internship and independent study credit may be counted towards upper-division biology credit.
**Can include workshops and excess independent study and internship credits up to University limits. For students planning to pursue professional school or enter certain graduate schools, the following are recommended: Physics, Calculus, and second semester Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry. Students are urged to determine the exact requirements of schools they wish to attend and meet with an advisor to discuss appropriate preparatory course work.
All courses used toward the Biology major must have a grade of C- or better.

Human Biology Emphasis

Human Biology Emphasis
Course Number and TitleCredits
BIOL 205 Introductory Microbiology or
BIOL 303 General Microbiology
(Only BIOL 303 satisfies prerequisites for upper-division microbiology electives)
4-5
PSYC 101 General Psychology (counts as DLS)3
FF ZOOL 401 Human Physiology4
Morphology (one or more courses):
BIOL 451 Developmental Biology
ZOOL 301 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
ZOOL 400 Vertebrate Histology
4
Courses chosen from the following for a minimum of 8 credits:
BIOL 344 Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory
BIOL 410 Pathogenic Bacteriology
BIOL 412 General Parasitology
BIOL 420 Immunology
BIOL 431 Pharmacology
BIOL 441 Molecular Biology of Cancer
BIOL 442 Molecular Neurobiology
BIOL 443 Advanced Developmental Biology
BIOL 451 Developmental Biology
ZOOL 301 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
ZOOL 400 Vertebrate Histology
ZOOL 403 Head and Neck Anatomy
8
Two or more of the following courses including at least one PSYC course:
BIOL 300 Biology of Aging
HLTHST 300 Pathophysiology
HLTHST 480 Epidemiology
PSYC 301 Abnormal Psychology
PSYC 331 The Psychology of Health
PSYC 335 Biological Bases of Behavior
6-7
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, or ZOOL electives to total 42 biology credits*0-1
Electives to total 120 credits**
Students should consult their advisors for recommendations regarding electives.
Professional programs may require BIOL 227-228; CHEM 309, 310, 431, 432, 433; or others
0-7
Total120-123
*Workshops may not be counted towards upper-division biology credit; A maximum of 4 credits total of any combination of internship and independent study credit may be counted towards upper-division biology credit.
**Can include workshops and excess independent study and internship credits up to University limits. For students planning to pursue professional school or enter certain graduate schools, the following are recommended: Physics, Calculus, and second semester Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry. Students are urged to determine the exact requirements of schools they wish to attend and meet with an advisor to discuss appropriate preparatory course work.
All courses used toward the Biology major must have a grade of C- or better.

Microbiology Emphasis

Microbiology Emphasis
Course Number and TitleCredits
BIOL 303 General Microbiology5
FF BIOL 415 Microbial Physiology4
CHEM 431, 432 Biochemistry I and Lab5
Two or more additional courses chosen from the following for a minimum of 8 credits:
BIOL 344 Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory
BIOL 410 Pathogenic Bacteriology
BIOL 412 General Parasitology
BIOL 420 Immunology
BOT 330 Mycology
8
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, or ZOOL electives to total 42 biology credits*4
Electives to total 120 credits**
Recommended: CHEM 433, HLTHST 480
2-10
Total120
*Workshops may not be counted towards upper-division biology credit; A maximum of 4 credits total of any combination of internship and independent study credit may be counted towards upper-division biology credit.
**Can include workshops and excess independent study and internship credits up to University limits. For students planning to pursue professional school or enter certain graduate schools, the following are recommended: Physics, Calculus, and second semester Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry. Students are urged to determine the exact requirements of schools they wish to attend and meet with an advisor to discuss appropriate preparatory course work.
All courses used toward the Biology major must have a grade of C- or better.

Molecular and Cell Biology Emphasis

Molecular and Cell Biology Emphasis
Course Number and TitleCredits
BIOL 344 Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory3
Physiology (one course)
FF BIOL 415 Microbial Physiology
FF BOT 401 Plant Physiology
FF ZOOL 401 Human Physiology
FF ZOOL 409 General and Comparative Physiology
4
BIOL 465 Advanced Topics in Molecular Biology Techniques1
Additional courses chosen from the following:
BIOL 303 General Microbiology
BIOL 420 Immunology
BIOL 431 Pharmacology
BIOL 440 Toxicology
BIOL 441 Molecular Biology of Cancer
BIOL 442 Molecular Neurobiology
BIOL 443 Advanced Developmental Biology
BIOL 446 Bioinformatics
BIOL 451 Developmental Biology
BIOL 466 Advanced Topics in Molecular, Cellular, & Developmental Biology
BOT 441 Plant Developmental Biology
ZOOL 400 Vertebrate Histology
14
CHEM 431, 432, 433 Biochemistry I, II and Lab8
Electives to total 120 credits** (Recommended: PHYS 307)0-3
Total120-122
**Can include workshops and excess independent study and internship credits up to University limits. For students planning to pursue professional school or enter certain graduate schools, the following are recommended: Physics, Calculus, and second semester Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry. Students are urged to determine the exact requirements of schools they wish to attend and meet with an advisor to discuss appropriate preparatory course work.
All courses used toward the Biology major must have a grade of C- or better.

Secondary Education Emphasis

Secondary Education Emphasis
Course Number and TitleCredits
BIOL 205 Introductory Microbiology4
Physiology (one course)
FF BIOL 415 Microbial Physiology
FF BOT 401 Plant Physiology
FF ZOOL 401 Human Physiology
FF ZOOL 409 General and Comparative Physiology
4
Taxonomy-intensive course
BIOL 412 General Parasitology
BOT 305 Systematic Botany
BOT 330 Mycology
ZOOL 305 Entomology
ZOOL 341 Ornithology
ZOOL 355 Vertebrate Natural History
ZOOL 421 Mammalogy
ZOOL 425 Aquatic Entomology
3-4
(A maximum of 2 credits total in any combination of department approved workshops, internship, and independent study may be counted toward upper-division biology credit.)12-13
STEM-ED 101 Step 1: Inquiry Approaches to Teaching1
STEM-ED 102 Step 2: Inquiry-based Lesson Design1
STEM-ED 210 Knowing & Learning in Mathematics & Science3
STEM-ED 220 Perspectives on Science and Mathematics3
STEM-ED 310 Classroom Interactions3
STEM-ED 350 Research Methods3
STEM-ED 410 Project-based Instruction3
STEM-ED 480 Apprentice Teaching6
Total130-142

Zoology Emphasis

Zoology Emphasis
Course Number and TitleCredits
Physiology
FF ZOOL 401 Human Physiology or
FF ZOOL 409 General and Comparative Physiology
4
Morphology (one course):
BIOL 451 Developmental Biology
ZOOL 301 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
ZOOL 400 Vertebrate Histology
4
8 or more additional credits of upper-division zoology8
Upper-division BIOL, BOT, or ZOOL electives to total 42 biology credits*5
Upper-division elective to total 40 credits0-1
Electives to total 120 credits**7-20
Total120
*Workshops may not be counted towards upper-division biology credit; A maximum of 4 credits total of any combination of internship and independent study credit may be counted towards upper-division biology credit.
**Can include workshops and excess independent study and internship credits up to University limits. For students planning to pursue professional school or enter certain graduate schools, the following are recommended: Physics, Calculus, and second semester Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry. Students are urged to determine the exact requirements of schools they wish to attend and meet with an advisor to discuss appropriate preparatory course work.
All courses used toward the Biology major must have a grade of C- or better.